Case Histories

Novel Phosphonate Proves Useful in Geothermal Environments

The researchers conclude that the novel phosphonate chemistry is useful in ultrahigh geothermal applications. Its high tolerance to calcium, biodegradability, thermal stability, and good performance against calcium carbonate scaling prove valuable in many environments.

Chemical Safety Board: Thermal Fatigue Led to Gas Plant Blast

In their final report, U.S. investigators say thermal fatigue in a heat exchanger likely caused a major hydrocarbons release in June 2016. This resulted in a series of fires and explosions at the Enterprise Products gas plant in Pascagoula, Mississippi.

U.S. Researchers Probe Localized Corrosion on Steel Pipes

According to U.S. researchers, a localized form of nanoscale corrosion appears responsible for unpredictably decreasing the working life of steel pipes used frequently in the oil and gas industry.

Investigators: Corroded Pipe Led to U.S. Refinery Explosion, Fire

Investigators with the U.S. Chemical Safety Board say a June 2019 explosion and fire at the Philadelphia Energy Solutions (PES) refinery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, occurred due to a corroded pipe elbow in the refinery’s alkylation unit.

Internal Corrosion Failures: Are We Learning from the Past?

Although methods for managing internal corrosion are well established, many pipelines operators experience repeated internal corrosion incidents, suggesting opportunities likely exist for continuous improvement.

Newark Revamps Corrosion Control Strategy for Water Service Lines

The city of Newark, New Jersey, USA, is introducing a new corrosion control treatment program and working to replace lead service lines on private property after tests have repeatedly showed elevated lead levels in drinking water.

Tracking Corrosion in Real Time in a Carbon Dioxide Capture Plant

Due to advanced plant process control system technology being used to regularly monitor plant process conditions, it is possible to incorporate online corrosion monitoring technology that can send real-time corrosion data to the plant where they can be regularly monitored along with process control data, making it possible to correlate changes in corrosion rates with process events. The real-time monitoring was tested in a carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and sequestration (CCS) plant.

Non-Phosphorus Cooling Tower Treatment Provides Advanced Corrosion Protection

In anticipation of the tightening restrictions on phosphorus and many of the metal-bearing compounds currently used in industrial cooling treatment, a “green” corrosion and scale inhibition technology was developed that contains no phosphorus while providing corrosion and scale control performance.

Corrosion Behavior of UNS S31083 Duplex SS in China’s Yardang Soil

Due to the high carbon dioxide (CO2) and chloride content in natural gas produced by a gas field in Western China, a high-performance duplex stainless steel was chosen for gas gathering and transmission piping in this area.

Testing, Inspection, and Rehabilitation of Offshore Cast Iron Pipes

The City of San Francisco needed to determine the condition of offshore pipelines and their support structures and whether they were fit to continue operating, needed repairs or replacements, or required coating or lining repair.

Cathodic Protection for Water Mains in a High-Consequence Transit Corridor

To protect pipelines in a transit corridor where they crossed underneath the light-rail tracks, construction of the line included retrofitting the pipelines with a precast concrete box culvert casing and installing an impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) system.

Deep Anode Bed in a Flowing Artesian Aquifer

In April 2013, the Las Vegas Valley Water District attempted to install a 500-ft (152-m) deep anode bed for an impressed current cathodic protection system. Before the anodes could be installed, ground water began flowing out of the top of the hole at ~50 gal/min (189 L/m).

Dynamic Pulsed Eddy Current Inline Inspection Technology Assesses Unpiggable Pipelines

To assess internal and external corrosion in piping configurations that are unpiggable or difficult to assess, a novel dynamic pulsed eddy current technology integrated with a robotic inline inspection tool was developed that is capable of internally inspecting metallic pipes.

Eliminating Coating Failures—A Case Study for Achieving Long-Term Cost Savings in the Oil Field

Giving special attention to surface preparation and eliminating surface contaminants prior to coating can essentially eliminate premature coating failure.

Pitting Repairs for High-Temperature/High-Pressure Process Vessels

The most damaging form of corrosion is localized corrosion, which can be prevented and controlled by using corrosion inhibitors, cathodic protection, and protective coatings.