White Papers

Encapsulating Plating: Increasing Throughput and Repeatability for Complex Plating Applications

Essentially a hybrid of tank plating and selective plating, the process combines the best of both, offering a sustainable way to plate axi-symmetric parts such as deep bores or recessed areas.

Download

Process Vessel Corrosion: Cladding Options

When faced with metal wastage, asset owners and operators have viable options available to them in addressing the corrosion mechanisms with a CRA barrier.

Download

Understanding and Detecting Stress Corrosion Cracking

Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is a form of environmentally induced cracking and is a threat to pipeline materials exposed to corrosive conditions.

Download

Mitigating Noise and CUI in Your Processing Plants

When one thinks about potential hazards in an industrial setting such as a refinery, petrochemical plant, or liquified natural gas (LNG) terminal, elevated noise levels might not be a primary concern.

Download

Multi Sensors Provide Cost Effective, Reliable, Corroborating Data

The use of multi-sensors for underground corrosion control is a cost-effective method for providing several different types of data that more fully characterize conditions at the structure.

Download

The Effects of Operating a Pipeline Without Isolation

Isolation plays a vital piece in the fight against corrosion. However, isolation in a cathodic protection system is not always used, isolation kits may malfunction, and/or an isolating kit may be found to not be isolating and might be replaced by a non-isolating gasket.

Download

Improving the Quality of Corrosion Inhibitor Treatments Using Automation

Companies across many industries use internal coating corrosion inhibitors today. These inhibitors are especially effective at protecting steel pipelines and vessels - they create protective films on the insides of these structures to prevent corrosive substances (e.g., oxygen in water, bacteria, and hazardous gases) from coming into contact with pipe surfaces.

Download

Telluric Current - The Hidden Energy Source with Powerful Effects on Cathodic Protection Systems and Protected Assets

Telluric activity induces time-varying electric currents that affect virtually every buried metallic pipeline on Earth to some degree.

Download

Corrosion Prevention in Wet Pipe at The Cunduacán I Natural Gas Compression Station, Villahermosa, Mexico

The carbon steel pipes of the Cunduacán I Compression Station operate in a very corrosive environment. The challenge faced by conventional protective coatings is the continuously wet surface of the pipe.

Download

A Novel Gasket Design for an Isolating Gasket to Solve Common Sealing Problems

Gaskets have been used for many years to disrupt the electrochemical pathway between anodes and cathodes in bolted joints. However, the gasket must maintain its primary objective which is providing a leak tight seal, while being electrically insulating.

Download

A Solution for Efficient, Accurate, and Safe Interrupted Surveys

This paper is intended to educate the reader on some common issues that influence interrupted surveys, existing solutions to these issues, and a description of how the PCRX provides value in its groundbreaking approach to solving a key issue with interrupted surveys. For the purposes of this paper, underground pipelines will be the targeted protected structure.

Download

Navigating the Mine-Field of External SCC Management

The passage of time inevitably takes its toll on the integrity of assets. Corrosion, in all its forms, is one of the most significant time-dependent pipeline degradation mechanisms, compromising the integrity of our pipelines and potentially reducing their remaining service life. The challenge for us, as pipeline engineers, is clear: to safely manage our pipeline infrastructure into the future.

Download

Knowledge is Power When Protecting Pipelines from Alternating Current

Pipeline operators have realized tremendous cost efficiencies by collocating in the same corridors as high-voltage alternating current (HVAC) lines, but evolving and difficult challenges exist within these applications to protect against pipeline corrosion and safety hazards.

Download

Mitigating Corrosion Under Insulation with Improved Water Repellency

Stone wool insulation possesses unique physical properties that make it ideally suited to a number of industrial applications including petrochemical processing. The open cell structure of stone wool encapsulates and restricts air movement, which gives it excellent insulation capabilities, while still allowing for water vapor to freely pass through.

Download

Fundamentals of Electrochemical Corrosion Research

Electrochemical methods provide an alternative to traditional methods used to determine the rate of corrosion. Direct and quantitative determination of corrosion rates can be determined from simple electrochemical measurement like Linear sweep voltammetry

Download