Phorgotten Phenomena

Lead Contamination of Condensed Water

This article presents experimental data that show the solubility of lead in different waters. Specifically noted is the solubility of lead in condensed, or “pure,” water. It provides introductory information to those just entering the field of water corrosion and contamination as well as basic information to others not familiar with water corrosion and contamination.

Corrosion of Old Whaling Station Processing Equipment in Antarctica

The author visited Antarctica in January 2006. He came across several metal artifacts that had been there since early in the 20th century. Corrosion is not a serious problem in Antarctica’s environment, as evidenced by the relatively good condition of the artifacts.

Longevity of a Graphitized Cast Iron Water Main

Graphitization is a corrosion phenomenon associated with grey cast iron. This material consists essentially of flakes of graphite in an iron matrix. The iron constituent corrodes out because of the same multitude of corrosion reactions that affect ferrous metals, leaving behind the graphite and some corrosion products.

I Told You So

Cathodic protection expert John Fitzgerald uses an experience early in his career to illustrate the consequences of not heeding the advice of corrosion professionals when designing and implementing corrosion control systems—many times because of reluctance to bear the expense. Cutting corners to save money up front can lead to unexpected failures and expensive repair and replacement in the future.

Painting at Night in the Gulf of Mexico

The heliport on a very large offshore structure required complete coating removal and replacement. The work could not be performed during daylight hours because of a very busy and crucial flight schedule, as well as safety concerns for the workers from paint debris and metal loss. This article describes the methods and materials used to perform the work during nighttime hours. The job was successfully completed in two weeks.

Review of Applicable Indices for Evaluation of Water Quality

This article compares three water quality indices for the evaluation of water to be used in industrial processes in Iran. They include the Puckorious Saturation Index, Langelier Saturation Index, and Ryznar Stability Index. The most applicable index for use in that country is suggested.

Managing a Coating & Plating Supply Chain

Re-engineering supply chains can reduce costs, cut delivery times, provide a significant competitive advantage, and enhance customer relationships. Supply chain concepts can be applied to the finishing phase (coating or plating) of production to further cut costs and delivery times.

Catastrophic Oxidation of Stainless and Nickel Alloys

Molybdenum-bearing stainless steels and nickel alloys can experience catastrophic oxidation. This occurs during oxidation of molybdenum-bearing materials and is caused by the action of molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) as an oxidation catalyst. This article explains the oxidation phenomenon and suggests ways to prevent it.

Preventing Mechanical Damage Makes Good “Cents”!

An excellent coating job can be ruined by mechanical damage during shipping and installation of the coated piece. Coating repairs can be time-consuming, expensive, and may yield an inferior coating job. This article provides precautions to be taken to minimize coating damage subsequent to initial coating.

Coating of Faying Surfaces

This article discusses the challenges involved with coating contact, or “faying,” surfaces of steel building components that are bolted together. The use of certain zinc-rich primers is one successful solution, provided the primers meet required parameters for slip coefficient.

Predicting Coating Life

The prediction of coating life depends on many factors, including the coating system used, preparation and application methods, and the severity of the environment. This article describes the knowledge needed to estimate coating life and the conditions that can compromise coating systems.

Using Impressed Current Cathodic Protection in Urban Areas

There are times when it is necessary to use impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) in urban areas, in spite of concerns about extensive interference. This article describes three ICCP systems that can be used safely in urban environments. They are distributed anode (parallel) groundbeds, deep anode groundbeds, and low-output surface groundbeds.

The Strange Case of the Intermittent Condition

Being a cathodic protection corrosionist is a lot like being a detective. It is necessary to examine all the evidence when solving a mystery. Sometimes it is necessary to establish a stakeout. That’s what was done to find the source of intermittent shorts in this incident. Careful use of instrumentation, data analysis, and observation solved the problem.

Inorganic Zincs—How Do They Cure?

Inorganic zinc (IOZ) coatings are used pervasively in industry to provide reliable protection from corrosion on a variety of substrates. Problems have emerged with coatings applied over zinc primers, however, such as delamination and blistering. This article discusses proper curing methods for IOZs to ensure dependable performance of the entire coating system.