Case Histories

Characterizing Severe Bridge Pile Corrosion in a Marine Environment

Divers conducting inspections of the Mickler-O’Connell Bridge detected heavy corrosion of the steel H-piles. Researchers suspect microbiologically influenced corrosion caused localized degradation.

Investigators Find Severe Corrosion in 2015 California Gas Leak

Independent investigators found extensive corrosion on the well casing that broke open at Southern California Gas Co.'s Aliso Canyon gas storage facility in October 2015. In the aftermath, engineering consultancy Blade Energy Partners was granted authority by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) to conduct a root cause analysis of the metallurgical and fractographic aspects of the gas leak.

Test Samples of Reinforced Concrete Are Often Too Small

A recent study from European university scientists suggests that samples of reinforced concrete need to be larger to ensure accuracy in corrosion detection.

New Ultrasonic Rolling Scanner for NDT of Concrete Structures

Funded by the European Commission, this new project involves the design of a portable, three-dimensional ultrasonic scanner for the nondestructive testing and evaluation of concrete in bridges and other building structures.

Novel Phosphonate Proves Useful in Geothermal Environments

The researchers conclude that the novel phosphonate chemistry is useful in ultrahigh geothermal applications. Its high tolerance to calcium, biodegradability, thermal stability, and good performance against calcium carbonate scaling prove valuable in many environments.

Chemical Safety Board: Thermal Fatigue Led to Gas Plant Blast

In their final report, U.S. investigators say thermal fatigue in a heat exchanger likely caused a major hydrocarbons release in June 2016. This resulted in a series of fires and explosions at the Enterprise Products gas plant in Pascagoula, Mississippi.

U.S. Researchers Probe Localized Corrosion on Steel Pipes

According to U.S. researchers, a localized form of nanoscale corrosion appears responsible for unpredictably decreasing the working life of steel pipes used frequently in the oil and gas industry.

Investigators: Corroded Pipe Led to U.S. Refinery Explosion, Fire

Investigators with the U.S. Chemical Safety Board say a June 2019 explosion and fire at the Philadelphia Energy Solutions (PES) refinery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, occurred due to a corroded pipe elbow in the refinery’s alkylation unit.

Internal Corrosion Failures: Are We Learning from the Past?

Although methods for managing internal corrosion are well established, many pipelines operators experience repeated internal corrosion incidents, suggesting opportunities likely exist for continuous improvement.

Newark Revamps Corrosion Control Strategy for Water Service Lines

The city of Newark, New Jersey, USA, is introducing a new corrosion control treatment program and working to replace lead service lines on private property after tests have repeatedly showed elevated lead levels in drinking water.

Tracking Corrosion in Real Time in a Carbon Dioxide Capture Plant

Due to advanced plant process control system technology being used to regularly monitor plant process conditions, it is possible to incorporate online corrosion monitoring technology that can send real-time corrosion data to the plant where they can be regularly monitored along with process control data, making it possible to correlate changes in corrosion rates with process events. The real-time monitoring was tested in a carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and sequestration (CCS) plant.

Non-Phosphorus Cooling Tower Treatment Provides Advanced Corrosion Protection

In anticipation of the tightening restrictions on phosphorus and many of the metal-bearing compounds currently used in industrial cooling treatment, a “green” corrosion and scale inhibition technology was developed that contains no phosphorus while providing corrosion and scale control performance.

Corrosion Behavior of UNS S31083 Duplex SS in China’s Yardang Soil

Due to the high carbon dioxide (CO2) and chloride content in natural gas produced by a gas field in Western China, a high-performance duplex stainless steel was chosen for gas gathering and transmission piping in this area.

Testing, Inspection, and Rehabilitation of Offshore Cast Iron Pipes

The City of San Francisco needed to determine the condition of offshore pipelines and their support structures and whether they were fit to continue operating, needed repairs or replacements, or required coating or lining repair.

Cathodic Protection for Water Mains in a High-Consequence Transit Corridor

To protect pipelines in a transit corridor where they crossed underneath the light-rail tracks, construction of the line included retrofitting the pipelines with a precast concrete box culvert casing and installing an impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) system.